Fruit Tree Grafting 101

Grafting is something that I have dreamed of learning for a while now. After coming to terms with the actual definition and explanation of what grafting is and why it is done, I now am much more activated and ready to learn to graft fruit trees!

I spent a big chunk of the day last week learning how to graft. Previously, I got to watch Jayanti graft some Avocados, but today was going to be different. He acquired some “Scionwood” from a White Sapote tree nearby and intended on grafting a bunch of them, and leaving just two for me to graft. Scionwood is the term given to a cutting taken from a tree of choice, usually a preferable fruit bearing tree. The base of this cutting is then cut in a certain geometric shape which fits on your “Rootstalk” a special way. These cuts are then sealed together with plastic tape until they heal together and begin to grow as one tree, which will then bear the same fruit as the tree that the Scionwood was taken from, kind of like natural cloning. The Rootstalk is the term given to a seedling tree that is either the same or related species as the tree you acquired the Scionwood from. This is generally sprouted to about 2 feet tall before it is grafted.

White Sapote Rootstalks

Jayanti holding some White Sapote Scionwood about to be grafted onto Rootstalks.

Jayanti carefully cutting a Wedge Graft with a piece of White Sapote Scionwood.


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